CIBIL which stands for Credit Information Bureau (India) Limited, is an ISO 27001:2005 company. A first of its kind, it is India’s premier Credit Information Company (CIC). Founded in the year 2000, it has established itself as a key participant of the Indian financial system. The company records credit related information of individuals as submitted by registered member institutions. CIBIL works in association with TransUnion International Inc. and Dun and Bradstreet.
CIBIL has two major segments viz. the Consumer Bureau and the Commercial Bureau. The Consumer Bureau maintains credit records of individuals while the Commercial Bureau maintains credit records of institutions/companies.
CIBIL Shareholding Pattern
As India’s leading CIC (Credit Information Company), CIBIL enjoys considerable clout in the Indian credit system. But who makes up this prestigious institution?
CIBIL has a diverse ownership structure consisting of well-known banking and non-banking companies. Its major stakeholder is Trans Union International Inc. with about 66% of the total share. The remaining 34% is held by 8 other parties with stakes ranging between 1% to 6% each.
TransUnion deals in data analytics to help businesses in decisioning processes for better risk management. It is also a leader in information management.
|Trans Union Interantional Inc.||66%|
|ICICI Bank Ltd.||6%|
|Bank of Baroda||5%|
|Bank of India||5%|
|Indian Overseas Bank||5%|
|Union Bank of India||5%|
|Aditya Birla Trustee Co. Pvt. Ltd.||4%|
|India Alternatives Pvt. Equity Fund||2.9%|
|India Infoline Finance Ltd.||1%|
An individual’s or company’s credit history is evaluated to generate a Credit Information Report (CIR) from which is derived a credit score known as the CIBIL TransUnion Score. This report and score form an integral part of a lender’s credit approval process. Credit scores range between 300 and 900. The higher the score, the more creditworthy the borrower is, which translates to quick approvals and better interest rates.
CIBIL provides credit reports and scores to those who inquire for them. This includes individuals, institutions and lenders. When an application for a loan or credit card is submitted, lenders check the applicant’s credit scores to ascertain whether it satisfies eligibility criteria. In general, a score of 750 or higher is considered good.
Formation and Growth
Prior to the introduction of credit information bureaus in India, credit was dispelled based on the apparent creditworthiness of customers. There was little to no tracking of credit histories nor was there any useful analysis or collation of credit data of various borrowing entities. This led to defaults which were loss-making propositions for lending institutions.
As time passed, regulators began emphasising on the need for stricter credit approval mechanisms. Based on recommendations by the Siddiqui Committee, India’s first credit information company was set up. CIBIL has been in operation since the year 2000 and brought in much-needed transparency to the credit system. In 2004, consumer bureau services were launched followed by commercial bureau services in 2006.
The CIBIL TransUnion score was first brought to banks in 2007 and later to individuals in 2011. Two noteworthy services were launched in the year 2010 viz. CIBIL Detect and CIBIL Mortgage Check. These were information databases on activities considered highly risky in nature and mortgages respectively.
CIBIL’s impact on the Indian economy
Today, almost all banks rely heavily on credit scores from credit bureaus to analyse borrowers’ creditworthiness. By reviewing credit information reports (CIRs), lending institutions are now able to assess and manage risk better. This helps in reduction of NPAs contributing to a healthier overall credit system in the country. Borrowers are now able to access their credit reports and scores to better understand their chances when it comes to being approved for a loan. They can work towards building their credibility before opting for a loan thereby rejecting their chances of rejection. Awareness on CIBIL and its services is on the rise with many initiatives being launched to educate the masses on the need to maintain financial discipline and the consequences of lapses.
CIBIL works with the mission and vision to provide customers solutions that will facilitate making the best decisions, supported by suitable technology and services to make the required information available to them in the best way possible. Even with the presence of other credit bureaus in India, it is always the company’s endeavour to be their audience’s first choice.
Know More in CIBIL:
- CIBIL ScoreA numeric score, released by CIBIL, indicating an individual’s creditworthiness. It is calculated based on credit data collected from member financial institutions that have extended credit to individuals in the form of loans or credit cards. Higher the score, stronger the individual’s creditworthiness. CIBIL scores a.k.a. credit scores, are widely used as a key parameter when determining a borrower’s eligibility for a loan or credit card. Read on to find out how CIBIL scores are computed and how it affects your loan and credit card approval.
- CIBIL ReportA comprehensive report compiling an individual’s credit information, sourced by CIBIL from various member lending financial institutions viz. banks and credit card issuers. A CIBIL report a.k.a. credit report contains pertinent information about an individual’s borrowing history and repayment patterns including delays and defaults. This report acts as a key source of credit information to assess a borrower’s creditworthiness. Information in this report helps an individual understand how his/her credit score has been affected. Read more about what a CIBIL Report Contains.
- Factors that affect CIBIL ScoresCIBIL scores are determined based on a number of factors including how often and regularly you service debt obligations. Find out what impacts your credit score resulting in a good or bad credit rating.
- Top CIBIL Improvement FactorsDogged by a bad credit report or credit score? Mediocre credit ratings have your bank officers on edge about how much they ought to lend you? Learn about how you can get your CIBIL rating to look better than ever before.
- Facts about CIBIL scoresDo you think CIBIL scores are just an elaborate government ploy to get you to pay your credit card bills on time? Does your mom worry that the neighbour’s son has a better credit score than you? Get the real deal on CIBIL scores and what they mean to you with these important facts about credit scores.
- FAQs: CIBIL/Credit ScoreDid you know….For all those questions left unanswered and more, we list out the most popular questions about CIBIL, credit ratings, reports and scores. Find out all you need to know about CIBIL but don’t want to ask.
- Factors that affect CIBIL scoresWhat goes into the making of a good CIBIL score? In this segment, we deconstruct a credit score to find out what you should or should not do to get a good credit score.
- Good habits for a good CIBIL scoreCIBIL reports are built over a period of time and so also your score. A good credit rating is a reflection of your credit habits. What are good credit habits? Read on to know what you should be doing for a good CIBIL rating?
- Mistakes that can negatively impact your CIBIL scoreYou might get your cheque in the box just in time to clear a payment due on your loan or credit card, but paying your bills isn’t the only way to stay in CIBIL’s good books.Get the inside scoop on the mistakes you should avoid to keep your credit score from going bad.
- Hidden facts about CIBIL scoresKnowing your credit report is great; but when it comes to CIBIL, there’s more than meets the score. Get the dope on the lesser known facts about credit scores including how they are computed and what really gets your CIBIL report going.
- CIBIL score for Home LoanThe right credit score will make you feel right at home at any bank. Home loans are often high quantum, long-term loans that make lenders wary about whose homes they’re financing. What CIBIL score should you have to impress your bank for the most affordable housing loan?
- CIBIL score for Personal Loan Nothing personal about your creditworthiness when it comes to taking out a personal loan. Being an unsecured loan, you’ll want to have your credit score in just the right range to make sure you get your bank to fund you instantly. How high should your credit score be to get the best personal loan in town?
- CIBIL score for Car Loan Fuel your dream ride with a range of car loans that suit your pocket. Walk in with a good CIBIL score and drive away with a new set of wheels. Check if your CIBIL score qualifies you for the car loan of your choice.
- CIBIL MythsIf you think CIBIL is a secret service agency that runs an underground operation of loan and credit card dealers, think again! Get your facts straight and but those myths about CIBIL and credit scores.
- What’s next for CIBILGetting a loan or a credit card? Let’s talk CIBIL. Like ‘em or love ‘em, CIBIL is definitely here to stay and is getting bigger. Credit assessment is finding new applications in India’s diverse financial system. Insurance? Utilities? What other products and services will CIBIL make its mark on next?
- Solutions to your CIBIL credit report problems What’s a model borrower like you doing with a bad credit report? Maybe your bank forgot to record a payment or they got your payment dates wrong. Whatever got you at the wrong end of the stick, we help you find a way to get your CIBIL report back in order.
- CIBIL / Credit Report ChecklistHow is a credit report built at CIBIL? What are the key points to look out for when reading a CIBIL credit report? Check off what you need to look out for with our handy CIBIL report checklist.
- CIBIL Score vs. CIBIL ReportA CIBIL score is a numeric representation of your creditworthiness based on information contained in your report. A CIBIL report is a comprehensive record of your credit transactions based on your credit history. This is just one of the many differences between a CIBIL score and a CIBIL report.
FAQs on CIBIL
Q. What’s a CIBIL score?Banks, as part of their due diligence process, gauge the creditworthiness of individuals based on credit scores. The information listed on your credit report includes several variables that CIBIL uses to set your credit score. CIBIL score, therefore, reflects the extent of the probability of a default. An individual’s credit history is submitted to CIBIL by banks and financial institutions on a monthly basis.
Q. Is there only one credit bureau in the country?In addition to CIBIL, there are three other credit bureaus in India, namely, Experian Credit Information Co. of India Pvt. Ltd, Equifax Credit Information Services Pvt. Ltd and CRIF High Mark Credit Information Services Pvt. Ltd. Since all the three have different scoring patterns, your score may vary. Nevertheless, if you have a good CIBIL score, you will get favourable scores by others too.
Q. Will checking your score have negative repercussions?Experts suggest checking one’s CIBIL score once a year. The practice is often considered a ‘soft inquiry’ as opposed to credit card issuers asking CIBIL for your score, known as a ‘hard inquiry’ (mentioned in the ‘enquiry section’ of your report). Also, if you apply for a loan with various banks at the same time, it will result in hard inquiries which may have a negative impact your score.
Q. What’s a control number?The control number is a nine digit unique number that helps CIBIL track your credit report. The control number is generated if and when banks access your credit report.
Q. What happens if there is no information available for the details I provide?If there is no information available for CIBIL to generate a credit report for you, then the money that you paid towards the report will be refunded.
Q. How does the CIBIL scoring system work?CIBIL’s scoring system takes into account all your previous credit information from all types of loans to credit cards, etc. and considers your performance (whether you’ve paid on time or delayed payments, or defaulted on payments entirely) and collates all this information into a numerical score. The score is on a scale from 300-900, and scores above 700 are eligible for loans from most of the established lenders. The closer your score is to 900, the better your chances are of having a loan or credit card approved. In addition to a numerical score, lenders from whom you’ve previously borrowed are able to leave comments about your credit performance against the score. Whether the comments they leave are good or bad is entirely up to you and how manage your finances.